what are the common grade categories for lumber?


May 2014 January 2013. June 2015 -*IB@/%"@B""4^FFC01&3j4"Ch4P5.CjI",g2pq9;bh &: "~{cn 6FZeFmk#q\0No7d2ZXUmv)G/mukTW#m'nD[61{OAd:!Q1hf7dtFrde[qp[oj@4#2Ak9\!.1o`'k *Zhd@' Ld At a sawmill that produces fine hardwood lumber (called a grade mill), you typically find five grades, all established in 1897 by the National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA). January 2015 Warp includes cup, twist, crook and bow. October 2018 Home (w/I4I$VG7;Zjy8. 0000070357 00000 n April 2014 April 2018 manages the entire life-cycle of your packaging assets. April 2017 Construction lumber (softwoods primary use and of interest here) is what you find at lumberyards and home centers, and its what woodworkers and crafters look to for project wood. August 2015 Grading is by visual inspection and is a judgment of appearance and suitability to end use rather than of strength. 7Ch>R^a

November 2014 Make the right wood choice for your next project. Note that figured woods do not abide by the standard grading rules and are priced according to the quality and desirability of the figure. Shipping And Freight n1B@| ! %!FontType1-1.0: DDGCEA+ZapfChancery-MediumItalic 1 j+ J4u'Q" November 2018 FDA March 2013 December 2019 ALL Rights Reserved.

Included is wood found in casing, base trim, and paneling. 1 Common and 2 Common hardwood is used for cabinets, furniture and flooring. This article is from Issue 49 of Woodcraft Magazine. 0000067183 00000 n The general purpose (knotty) grades, such as COMMONS and ALTERNATE BOARDS, are generally stamped. May 2019 September 2014 August 2013 ECyhNae! 0000002126 00000 n June 2013 ! 44I1j:Qi 04r3=V2<6,N;z #qpS|.D.Hs0ACB9#;*[ p'^ q2@h h*hja%OB@$@3s?J>k0P64#`@&hE May 2022 d60^JCGCFd * T&HBe9 S), &c4n: Si` 33q@p 1I.E&CyhNagAHT.E",RTiwju@RU0o.Idr2 >2f@s2K5l\.WK wDphA"Iy]OGWh&cyo;&Z+n f829L%AB(J"9m #wJ;B0b$6)A!# f|z6@CH&470+y/2dp^#H@#j9"IrlJ@*4&0F*b=#p31KM@~LK9v$ On grade hardwood is typically used in industries such as furniture and flooring. October 2017 0000001048 00000 n hickory common flooring calico wood Western Wood Products Association1500 SW First Ave., STE 870Portland, OR 97201Phone: 503-224-3930Fax: 503-224-3935Email: info@wwpa.org, 2022 WWPA. =mp39 @ 0c9Z+;MP|jpGOky 8C? p+:+]J5r]/3lK)6G+lf#n6tB&/C"#@R, Use this guide to get a grip on grades. lumber currentdict end C(Z1GcvLT^sFZ4ua@c7tiYN1gAl5 jr`Y,Up(8ix18^20`RLaP|*Xq=0,OZ|k*kjA0[h`$(82Jr2-;21*%H6s7+ar!9k8* ){90J*3( #G @m H#ABrr#@,@P*%quC37aP((d1|@-@HN@O#K4# 4H71#~3+'OUT dLVB2Xa#OSYLxcH\Cjg1>#?#.H(H9vXEI22bPMI8Am"!\ .~4bxq lg4c6Cfg)m5 endstream endobj 131 0 obj 699 endobj 132 0 obj << /Filter /LZWDecode /Length 131 0 R >> stream Western Wood SpeciesBook Vol. March 2014 With a softwood piece to be painted, you have even more money-wise leeway, but be sure to seal all knots before finishing! Hardwood specialty stores, such as the Woodcraft retail stores, sell top grade FAS boards that are S2S for best appearance and customer viewing. /BaseFontName (ZapfChancery-MediumItalic) def June 2014 December 2016

0000001595 00000 n June 2019 0000001898 00000 n 0000008971 00000 n BJ) #8~C#2_1u#Iek-Tr7!U`X8,18\@4 H J%@f2y=*OSirS[}Ki[5vpj9~0Ed Log In. Can't decide what to get the woodworker in your life? April 2020 March 2015 @T1%@ dT("MSqo7& o6)Ca9bpf2%CT { mh'av=tD{?$elEtPh'm These grades feature the familiar 34"-thick boards in nominal widths of 2"-12" in 2" increments and lengths from 6'-18' in 2' increments. The highest grades of Appearance lumber are seldom gradestamped, unless on the back or ends, as the grade stamp would deface the product. The best grades yield large clear areas with the fewest cuttings. /Encoding StandardEncoding def February 2016 The lumber grades in this category are intended for applications where strength is not the primary consideration. You must be logged in to write a comment. Upper grades of hardwood such as FAS and Selects are normally used for moldings. Also keep in mind that common construction grades are surface dried (S-Dry) to 18-20% moisture content, while the more expensive, higher select grades of woodworking and furniture stock are kiln-dried (KD) from 8 to under 18%. we use wooden pallets and end boards to pack the plastic film rolls uses in printing /packaging of food products (out products are indirect food contact), All habanero ambridge ISPM-15 Softwood grading happens after drying and surfacing the lumber.

H4^T7LfiT_&MQ^B F#p<1B | ! April 2013 January 2017 If you dont need the full width and length of a top grade clear board, drop a grade or two, work around the defects, and realize a better bang for your lumber-buying buck. 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/breve /dotaccent /ring /cedilla /hungarumlaut /ogonek /caron ] >> endobj 119 0 obj << /Filter /LZWDecode /Length 115 0 R >> stream May 2013 0000004421 00000 n February 2020 0000001573 00000 n A trained grader assigns a grade to a hardwood board at the sawmill shortly after the log is cut. Wood Pallets, David CaltriderRichReiherMike CunneenJohn ClarkeHartson PolandJonathan HaynesPaul PascarellaKaitlin ManningChris ReckerAaron PascarellaTyler Pease, July 2022 February 2013 January 2021 For instance, you could opt for No. As shown in Figure 1, clear cuttings are the rectangular defect-free sections of wood in a board. Total Packaging Management Dn 0000013324 00000 n June 2021 | Privacy Policy | Terms of Service | info@wwpa.org. 0000010861 00000 n February 2017 July 2017 May 2020

August 2021

d3#CA C##cJ d3p\dfin6DS &M#)@A1FSt4b %CP4M@xL.aH$RI4[2p1Pe3ULfmB!PtB%~C#8TFCv(e}(p 4i,l*UJa7RU:pj.58 X1 4+ 8:z9b{<7CCh B6,cx4.j4?n7Lj^k!A(\(r`D22 Your other choices include buying from a sawmill, hardwood specialty store, or online supplier. Refer to the Vol. /FontBBox {-371 -643 2181 1702} readonly def %PDF-1.2 % 0000013302 00000 n February 2021

May 2017 In contrast to hardwoods, softwood grading separates into construction or remanufacture (wood that is to be further machined and processed into other products, such as pine molding or furniture parts). Western Wood Products Association represents softwood lumber manufacturers in the 12 Western states and Alaska.

March 2016

February 2015 currentfile eexec January 2022 At most big box stores and major retail lumberyards, the top softwood grades described above traditionally are priced by the lineal foot and standard dimension thickness of 34" and in 2" width increments (12, 14, and so on). N(@ANX0CH:)Qtn8BBc0r[9#OnAM9,b2H;$E6`7 4C\NRa\#d&1%cOm513U YE7[Jc: November 2013 June 2018

July 2013 November 2021 September 2016 Many of the Western lumber species are grown, harvested, manufactured and shipped together in Marketing Categories. In addition to the species combinations that share like structural characteristics, Board lumber is often available in combinations related to like appearance characteristics. b5Zoo7^"Ty#_^K=Nk!rv%*8C _`4)cCcN oPeP'bny%pD6 WLvC_P#mK[y:6 /FontMatrix [0.00049 0 0 0.00049 0 0] readonly def June 2017 Whether buying hardwood or softwood, it helps to understand how boards are graded and sold so you know what to ask for when selecting stock, and, in some cases, to save money. Plastic Pallets DB4`.@ 0d0T(#LgCy 6M#)X 2MSqo7'01i9le:LF RT5H(o:LGy@16^J-FpaD"QH6 September 2021 Hardwood boards destined for cabinet, furnituremaking, and woodworking in general are appearance graded based on their minimum yield of clear-face cuttings. April 2021 August 2019 Industrial Packaging Sustainable Packaging October 2014 0000006202 00000 n February 2019 2 Selects-Finish/Commons-Boards publication and the WWPA Western Lumber Grading Rules for additional information. /FontInfo 12 dict dup begin Understanding the Different Types of Wood Grades, Transport Packaging Industry News And Events. Natural characteristics and manufacturing imperfections are taken into account in the assigning of grades.

August 2014 The grades and recommended end uses for Appearance lumber are explained in the table below. 4pME#CTrYSW0thdWUl%JjqBcc2T66.9 kGJT

November 2017 t_ aoPd0ChoB)26#p J-LA}rgeY. Softwood lumber often comes with a stamp that tells the grading association, sawmill number, grade, species (sometimes), moisture condition, and stress rating if any. September 2019

July 2018 Defects for both hardwood and softwood include knots and knotholes, bird pecks, sap pockets, pith, stain, decay, splits, checks, bark, wane, rot, and warp. December 2013 November 2015 *0l" "!T# eNsY 1O"lAAryS e9gZ.66i#sRNW 5<1mnwh]}cliF! c8:e3Ra zRaNZ)*+p8ar H `*".zC4 For starters, the various hardwood grades stem from the appearance of a board and amount of clear wood; softwoods break down into structural and appearance grades, with the former having to do with the structural integrity of the board in the number, size, and location of the defects. May 2021 September 2013 trailer << /Size 142 /Info 109 0 R /Root 111 0 R /Prev 564755 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 111 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 105 0 R >> endobj 140 0 obj << /S 420 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 141 0 R >> stream