pine wood uses and properties

This allows the seeds to stay on the tree or ground for many years until a disturbance such as fire or harvesting provides suitable growing conditions. The knots are intergrown and generally small and tight, but relatively abundant. Lodgepole pine wood is light in colour, ranging from cream to yellow to pale reddish-brown. In the spring, they strip off long ribbons of the sweet, succulent inner bark (cambium layer) to eat fresh or store for later. Good mortising quality when using a hollow chisel mortise. It is relatively easy to work, with good machining qualities. Wood of lodgepole pine has a resinous odour especially when green. washburn guitar tono bella s9 string charcoal novo wood studio woods rh burst gloss acoustic tonewoods instruments acclaim many glossary radiata pine pinus firebridge A tall, slender, straight tree, it has a sparse, variable crown, spreading branches and a thin orangey-brown to grey bark with fine scales. All rights reserved. Resin canals are normally present, inconspicuous without magnification on the transverse section, but evident as brownish streaks along the grain on faces of boards. Specialty in-house grades, lamstock and export grades are also available. Lodgepole pine is dried according to end-use and customer specifications.

Lodgepole pine is a highly adaptable tree that grows throughout most of BCs interior, from mid-elevation to subalpine sites. Since the early 1990s, it has attacked half of the total volume of commercial lodgepole pine in BC. The beetles carry a fungus that leaves a blue or grey stain but does not affect the woods structural performance capabilities. Kiln-dried SPFlumber is used as a structural framing material in all types of residential, commercial, industrial and agricultural applications. Quartersawn lumber or quarter-sliced veneer: none.

Performed well in the tape test (i.e. Lodgepole pine is a highly adaptable tree that grows across BCs interior, and is one of the first species to come back after a wildfire. Kiln-driedSPFlumber is used as a structural framing material ina wide variety ofresidential, commercial, industrial and agricultural applications. Lodgepole pine can be made into composite boards because of its suitable wood density, tendency to plasticize when compressed at high temperatures, gluing ease, and uniform ring density. Lodgepole pine is produced predominately as SPF lumber in structural grades according to National Lumber Grades Authority (NLGA) rules for dimension lumber. The wood is generally straight-grained with a fine, fairy even texture. The wood glues easily, has moderate nail and screw holding ability and takes a good finish. Dark stain produces wild grain, but a wash coat can even out the colour. latifolia), BC Tree Atlas Compendium Index: Lodgepole pine, UBC Centre for Forest Conservation Genetics: Lodgepole pine, BC Wood Supplier Directory: Lodgepole pine, Naturally Wood: A collection of 65 Unique Wood Projects. Kiln drying inhibits natural staining of the wood, improves its strength and stiffness, enhances its appearance, and increases its resistance to decay and attack by insects. The annual growth rings are distinct, defined by narrow bands of latewood. Lodgepole pine is a medium-sized evergreen conifer that can reach 30 metres in height and 20 centimetres in diameter at maturity. Recommended: the use of a counter piece for end-grain shaping. It is used as a material in structural framing, composite boards, and high-quality joinery. Small mammals, such as the snowshoe hare, vole and squirrel, feed on the inner bark. The sapwood is wide with a subtle, yet definite contrast in colour to the heartwood. Lodgepolepine,the mostabundanttree species inBC, ismarketed with interior spruce and subalpine fir as the SPF (spruce-pine-fir) species group. Indigenous peoples use lodgepole pine for a variety of purposes, including as poles for lodges, homes and other buildings. They use the pitch as the base of many medicines, including chewing it to relieve sore throats, or boiling it and mixing it with animal fat to use as a poultice for rheumatic pain or aches and soreness in muscles and joints. Seed cones range from short and cylindrical to egg-shaped and are two to four centimetres long without stalks. Transition from earlywood to latewood is abrupt in narrow rings and more or less abrupt in fast-growing, wide-ringed wood. Plainsawn lumber or rotary-cut veneer: distinct, with visible latewood bands; faint pocked appearance. Lodgepolepineispart of theSPF (spruce-pine-fir) species group. It is moderately soft and light. They are often twisted in a spiral with sharp points. Its cones are protected by a seal of pitch, and fire or heat is needed to release the seeds. Common mortising defects: splintering on the out-going side of the mortise and crushed grain inside the mortise. Subscribe for the latest wood projects, developments, tools and research. Lodgepole pine is one of the species found in dense thickets of small trees known as dog-hair stands, which grow very slowly because of their high density. Get acquainted with the most commonly produced and exported lumber grades in boards and structural dimension lumber from BCs interior softwood species. The most common are Select Structural, #2 and better, and stud grades. Its average life span is 150 to 200 years, but they can live as long as 400 years. Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. It turns, planes and shapes well and can be sanded to a smooth finish. Recommended planer settings: 20 hook angle and 8, 12, or 16 kmpi (knife marks per inch). Wood is resinous, pitch pockets are infrequent. It thrives in all sorts of environments, from water-logged bogs to dry, sandy soils. Common shaping defects in the order of frequency: splintering at the corner, rough end-grain, fuzzy grain, raised grain, and torn grain. It is used exclusively in the manufacture of prefabricated housing, trusses, and other structural components. Lodgepole pine is the largest component of the SPF species mix that is available preservative treated. Best results are obtained when using light-coloured waxes (e.g. Developed by Forestry Innovation Investment, naturally:wood is a comprehensive information resource promoting British Columbia as a global supplier of quality, environmentally-responsible forest products from sustainably-managed forests. Medium boring quality with both brad and single twist bits. Other: When split along the tangential plane, it exhibits a prominently dimpled surface. Resin exudation can sometimes negatively affect sawing properties. mellow pine). small flakes of the coating were detached along edges and at intersections of cuts) and in the pull-off test (i.e. average strength of 30 kg/cm2). Surface is smooth with only two topcoats. Recommended: light and natural stains. It is also used for mine timbers, railway ties and fuel. The bark is thicker and more grooved on the coast. Lodgepole pine is one of the first trees to come back after a wildfire. Lodgepole pine is used for telephone poles, fence posts and corral rails because of its small diameter and lack of taper. Additionally, it is mixed with spruce and fir to produce 100 percent bleached Kraft pulp and chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp (CTMP). 2022 naturally:wood and Forestry Innovation Investment. The seed scales have sharp prickles at their tips. It has a high strength-to-weight ratio and is well known for its working properties. Average nail retention: 132/116/85 lb holding (tangential/radial/end-grain). The wood dries rapidly with small dimensional movement and little tendency to check. It is moderately soft and light, straight-grained and nonporous, with a fine and uniform texture. The needles are usually dark green and grow in pairs. The mountain pine beetle is a naturally occurring insect in BCs interior. Beetle-affected wood has been used in high-profile projects such as the Richmond Olympic Oval, a signature structure for the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver. It is also a first-class joinery wood for furniture, windows, doors and shutters, panelling, edge-glued shelving, siding, mouldings and other architectural millwork and joinery items.