weevil identification key

The key presented here allows for the identification of the genera of the tribe reported from Mexico and Central America. (dataset) Franz, Nico M.; Chamorro, Maria Lourdes; Fleming, David; Setliff, Gregory P.; O'Brien, Charles W. (2017). Families of associated plants include: Asteraceae, Ericaceae, Fabaceae, Palmaceae, Sapindaceae and Sterculiaceae. The larvae will continue to feed until they mature into adults and then feed on above-ground foliage, eventually finding sites to overwinter again. Horace R. Burke, John D. Oswald, Joshua R. Jones, Julio Bernal, Peter Krauter, Allen Dean and Edward Riley of Texas A&M University U.S.A. provided invaluable assistance during the visit to the TAMUIC; Danny Shpeley Alberta University, Canada provided references. Loncophorus pustulatus National Library of Medicine An official website of the United States government. Typical damage includes c-shaped notches in the leaves. Should you convert some farm acres to straight cut? Alonso-Zarazaga and Lyal 1999). Distribution: Colombia, Venezuela, Cuba, Belize, Honduras, Mexico and Panama; states of Mexico: Chiapas. New World species 19, with 6 species from Mexico and Central America. IV part 7: 79221, Transactions of the American Entomological Society. Pro- and mesocoxae () of Anthonomini species: 4 41 See Clark and Burke (2002) to separate species. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. The Coleopterists Bulletin 46 (3):286289. 55 Begin at field edges and work your way into the field. Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Honduras, Mexico and Panama. Images of specimens of each genus were captured with the aid of a stereoscopic microscope and digital camera and processed using COMBINEZP software (Hadley 2010). Anthonomini species: 25 Families of associated plants include: Sapindaceae, Mimosoideae, Lauraceae, Bromeliaceae. Distribution: United States of America (Florida), Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panam, Puerto Rico, Saint Christopher, Virgin Islands, Brazil, Trinidad, Uruguay, Venezuela; states of Mexico: Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo and Tamaulipas. New World species 26, with 11 species from Mexico and Central America.

Smicraulax nigrinus. Rostra of Anthonomini species: 18 Brachyogmus ornatus

Coleoptera, Rhynchophora. New World species 6, 6 in Mexico and Central America. 12

Distribution: United States of America and Mexico; states of Mexico: Sonora. See Clark (1989c) to separate species. document.getElementById("bigbox__1-heading").style.display = "block"; Specimens of 1,529 adults of the tribe Anthonomini were examined from collections of the following institutions: Instituto de Ecologa, A.C, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico. 59 and 60 Magdalinops Dietz, 1891. See Burke (1975), Burke and Hafernik (1971) and Anderson (1994) to separate species. 38 and 39 14 Previous keys do not include the genera Achia, Botanebius, Loncophorus, Loncophorellus and Melexerus. googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { (IEXA), Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Autnoma de Quertaro, Mexico (UAQE), Universidad Autonoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Saltillo, Coahuila, Mxico (UAAAN), Texas A&M University Insects Collection, College Station, Texas, U.S.A. (TAMUIC). Cionopsis lineolata Jos Antonio ngeles Valera of Instituto de Ecologia, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico helped with photography and Oswaldo Garca Martnez, Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico added valuable comment to the manuscript. Accessibility See Clark (1993a) to separate species. Distribution: Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Venezuela; states of Mexico: Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, San Luis Potos, Sinaloa and Tamaulipas. When the eggs hatch, the emerged larvae will bury into the soil and feed on the root nodules, creating an inability for the plant to fix nitrogen. It feeds and develops in several species of Solanaceae but is better known as a pest of peppers, Capsicum spp.

Cionopsis lineolata

Loncophorus crossi Careers, Corresponding author: Macotulio Soto Hernndez (. 22 mealybug citrus pests morphology scale Narberdia aridulus New World species 10, with 4 species from Mexico and Central America. and transmitted securely. These are the leaves you want to protect. 23 Tarsal claws of Anthonomini species: 1 simple tarsal claws 2 tarsal claws with an acute tooth 3 tarsal claws with a stout tooth. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada. See Clark (1989a) to separate species. Species have been associated with Bombacaceae. weevil larva larvae praise insects broad nosed unidentified Begin at field edges and work your way into the field. http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/bca/navigation/bca_12_04_07/bca_12_04_07display.cfm, http://www.hadleyweb.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/CZP/News.htm, http://www.sil.si.edu/DigitalCollections/bca/navigation/bca_12_04_03/bca_12_04_03select.cfm, Tarsal claw simple, without basal process or tooth (, Tarsal claw with basal process or tooth (, Lateral rostral groove defined near eye (, Lateral rostral groove not defined near eye (, Procoxae separated by process of the prosternum; mesocoxae separated by a distance nearly equal to width of one coxa (, Mesocoxae narrowly separated by distance less than 0.2 the width of one mesocoxa (, Mesocoxae widely separated by distance more than 0.2 the width of one mesocoxa; tarsal claw with a stout tooth arising from base of claw (, Rostrum short and moderately stout, equal to or slightly shorter than length of pronotum; elytra, base of interval 3 swollen and toothed; profemur with tooth moderately large (, Rostrum slender and longer than length of pronotum (, Antennal funiculus with 5 articles; antennal club with basal article glossy, almost glabrous; femur lacking tooth or with a single minute ventral tooth (, Antennal funiculus with 6 or 7 articles; antennal club various; femur with a small or large ventral tooth (, Lateral rostral groove with the dorsal margin directed toward ventral margin of eye and the ventral margin directed toward ventral margin of rostrum (, Lateral rostral groove directed toward middle of eye (, Antennal funiculus with 7 articles; profemur with a large and triangular ventral tooth, base of tooth equal to width of the protibia; protibia stoutly expanded on inner margin at midpoint (, Antennal funiculus with 6 articles; profemur with a small ventral tooth, base of tooth less than width of the protibia; protibia only slightly expanded or if expanded, not at midpoint (, Pronotum and elytra humpbacked; profemoral tooth curved toward the tibia (, Pronotum and elytra not humpbacked; profemur with triangular tooth not curved; body and rostrum vestiture various (, Pronotum, elytra and legs densely clothed with scales, intermixed with distinct semierect to erect scattered scales; profemoral tooth smaller than a tarsal claw; metafemur lacking tooth (, Pronotum, elytra and legs usually with decumbent scales; profemoral tooth nearly equal in length to a tarsal claw; metafemur with a ventral tooth (, Profemur expanded by less than 2 width of metafemur (, Head subconical, slightly constricted behind eyes (, Pro- and mesofemur with an anterior emargination (, Pro- and mesofemur lacking emargination, if present, profemoral tooth not serrate and protibia curved (, Rostrum densely covered with broad scales to near apex (, Rostrum with scales limited to basal half of length; eyes moderately large, diameter slightly or much greater than rostrum at base, Body with smooth and shining integument with scattered, narrow, white scales; posteromedian sides of pronotum straight; elytra strongly convex dorsomedially or posteromedially, sides convergent to apices (, Body vestiture and shape variable; posteromedian sides of pronotum curved; elytra not strongly convex and apical sides rounded (, Elytra usually with a transverse basal patch of black scales (, Elytra lacking a transverse basal patch of black scales (. PMC legacy view Once peas are at the sixth-node stage, the weevil is no longer a concern, as the peas will produce new foliage faster than the weevil can eat. 29 A clear understanding of the identity and distribution of native species will assist in determining native from non-native weevil species. Loncophorus crossi

See Clark (1993e) to separate species. 21 Families of associated plants include: Malpighiaceae, Myrtaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Rubiaceae and Rutaceae. They then migrate to host crops field pea and fababean fields to start feeding and mating. Saxifragaceae and Verbenaceae. Epimechus flavirostris See Burke 1962, 1964, 1979, 1984, Burke and Cate 1979, Clark 1987a, 1987c, 1987d, 1988a, 1988b, 1989b, 1990a, 1990b, 1990c, 1990d, 1991a, 1991b, 1991c, 1992a, 1992b, 1993b, 1993c, 1993d, 1994, Clark and Burke 1985, 1986a, 1986b, 1996, 2005 and Jones and Burke 1997 to separate species. 6 The species has been associated with Solanaceae 8 Triangular, Anthonomus sp. Species have been associated with Santalaceae. The .gov means its official. Bionomics of the Anthonomine weevils. Economic threshold is when 30 per cent of seedlings in the field have damaged clam leaves. 1)) (Dietz 1891, Kissinger 1964, Burke 1976 and Anderson 2002). 47 Distribution: Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, United States of America, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela; states of Mexico: Baja California and Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Durango Guanajuato Jalisco, Nayarit, Nuevo Len, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potos, Tabasco Tamaulipas and Veracruz. Anthonomus eugenii is widely distributed in the Southeastern United States, Hawaii, Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. A list of genera of Anthonomini reported in Mexico and Central America was compiled from the following works: Champion (1903, 1910), Dietz (1891), Kissinger (1964), OBrien and Wibmer (1982, 1984a, 1984b), Alonso-Zarazaga and Lyal (1999), Anderson (2002). insect identification billbug pests turf 19 The objective of the key presented here is to allow identification of genera of this tribe in Mexico and Central America. 48 Individuals have been associated with: Flacourtiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Myrtaceae and Sterculiaceae. An official website of the United States government. 15 sharing sensitive information, make sure youre on a federal Melexerus Burke, 1982. Weather swing prompts questions on spray water quality, New program funds farm emissions reduction practices, Subscribe to the Grainews daily newsletter. You'll receive current daily news every morning free, as well as market updates and special features. FOIA A new Anthonomine genus and species from Texas and Mexico, with larval and pupal descriptions and biological notes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). The new PMC design is here! 13 43 Pseudanthonomus helvolus Annual Review of Entomology 21:283303. 44 Smicraulax Pierce, 1908.

Received 2012 Sep 11; Accepted 2012 Dec 13. Anthonomus Germar, 1817. Early seeding and the use of trap crops on field edges can help reduce weevil feeding. 45 Cionopsis crispula Pterocolinae, Allocoryninae, Apioninae, Thecesterninae, Otiorhynchinae vol. Electronic Biologia Centrali-Americana. The original description of each genus was consulted and a data matrix constructed of morphological characters. Huaca mudca When scouting pea leaf weevil, its important to start looking early in the season, as newlyemerged peas are the most vulnerable to damage. Providing Central Access to USDAs Open Research Data, POLYGON ((-167.50305175781 14.914265406251, -167.50305175781 71.626039115506, -47.268676757812 71.626039115506, -47.268676757812 14.914265406251)), 005:040 - Department of Agriculture - National Research. New World species 35, with 14 species from Mexico and Central America. 11 42

Neomastix Dietz, 1891. Species have been associated with Asteraceae. Distribution: Venezuela, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama; states of Mexico: Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Morelos, Sinaloa and Veracruz. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely. Identification of some genera of weevils is possible through the use of the Biologia Centrali-Americana (Sharp and Champion 1911, Champion 1903, 1910) and by using keys for the United States of America and Canada (Kissinger 1964, Anderson 2002); however, material in the Biologia Centrali-Americana is notably outdated, keys are not always presented, and the North American keys do not include a significant portion of the Mexico and Central American genera, moreover, the taxonomic status of some genera has changed and new genera have been described and recorded for the region. 58

In: Llorente Bousquets J E, Garca-Altrete A, Gonzlez -Soriano E. var lazyAds = [];

The host plants or plant associates of Anthonomini represent more than 35 families, including many species of agricultural importance. 57 53 New World species 1, monotypic genus, Narberdia aridulus Adobe Photoshop CS3 Extended. See Clark and Burke (2001) to separate species. HuacaClark, 1993. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC-BY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The site is secure. Strong, vigorous plants can better withstand weevil attack. A large family in the British fauna, well covered by Handbooks to the Identification of British Insects by Morris. Mesotrochanter shape of two Anthonomini genera: 7 Trapezoidal, Loncophorus sp. official website and that any information you provide is encrypted Distribution: United States of America and Mexico; states of Mexico: Baja California. Identifying and managing the pea leaf weevil early in the growing season is key to minimizing damage and protecting your yield potential. (2007) to separate species. Individuals have been associated with Asteraceae. To submit, please register and login first. Other pest anthonomine include: Anthonomus signatus (strawberry weevil), Anthonomus nigrinus (potato weevil), Anthonomus musculus (cranberry weevil), Anthonomus pomorum (apple blossom weevil) Anthonomus pyri (pear weevil), Anthonomus fulvipes (cherry weevil), Anthonomus quadrigibbus (apple curculio), and Pseudanthonomus validus (currant fruit weevil), (Ahmad and Burke 1972, Burke 1976, Clark and Burke 1996, Clark 1987b and Muiz 2001).

Burke 1976. A world catalogue of families and genera of Curculionoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) (Excepting Scolytidae and Platypodidae). Insecta, Coleoptera, Rhynchophora, Curculionidae, Curculioninae (part) vol. CorelDraw Graphics Suite X5 - SP2. The family Curculionidae of Mexico and Central America is rich in species (Anderson and OBrien 1996).

Anticipated users are scientists and laypersons worldwide who need to document the distribution of North American weevils and assist in making identifications. Cionopsis Champion, 1903.

Narberdia Burke, 1976. 30 Lonchophorellus Clark, 1989. Magdalinops vittipennis New World species 4, with 1 species from Mexico. Mxico, 2Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Autnoma de Quertaro, Juriquilla 76230, Quertaro, Mxico. government site. Accessed 2022-07-22. New synonymy, a new combination and a lectotype designation in Neotropical Anthonomini (Coleoptera:Curculionidae). Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site. 26 and 27

Curculionidae of America North of Mexico. The .gov means its official. https://data.nal.usda.gov/dataset/weevils-north-america-wona. Keys for the identification of British Curculionidae, Family Curculionidae - key to the British subfamilies, Subfamily Bagoinae, key to the British species, Subfamily Ceutorhynchinae, key to British genera and some species, Subfamily Cryptorhynchinae, key to British species, Subfamily Curculioninae, key to British species, Subfamily Lixinae, key to British species, Subfamily Entiminae, key to British genera and some species, Subfamily Baridinae key to British species.pdf, Subfamily Hyperinae key to British species.pdf. Anthonomus aeneolus A synopsis of each genus is provided giving: generic name, author and recorded year, total species for New World, number of species occurring in Mexico and Central America, distributions, family placement of associated plants, and bibliographic references to identify species. Huaca mayu Species has been associated with Euphorbiaceae (Burke and Rector 1976). Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, French Guyana, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico and Panam; states of Mexico: Chiapas, Mexico, San Luis Potos, Tabasco, Tamaulipas and Veracruz. Anthonomus flavirostris Some genera can easily be either recognized by characters or combinations of characters, such as: Brachyogmus, Magdalinops, Narberdia, Smicraulax and Huaca; however, the intergeneric relationships of several of the species of Anthonomus, Atractomerus, Loncophorus and Lonchophorellus are not so clearly delimited and may be harder to separate. (Clark and Burke 1996). A brief synopsis is given for each genus and photographs of representative species are included. Anthonomus eugenii 37 * PERMISSION TO CONTACT YOU BY EMAIL By providing your e-mail address, you confirm that you are providing consent to Glacier Farm Media LP, on its own behalf and on behalf of its affiliates, and carrying on business through its divisions, to receive emails containing news, updates and promotions, including third party promotions, as well as product and/or service information, including that of third parties, that may be of interest to you, and that you understand you may unsubscribe at any time. The tribe is one of the most diverse and complex of the family containing more than 800 described species within 43 genera, 24 of which are from the New World and 17 of these from Mxico and Central America (Alonso-Zarazaga and Lyal 1999). The adults emerge in early to mid-May when temperatures begin to warm up. }); Q: When and how should I scout for pea leaf weevils?

}); IV part 4: 145312, http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/bca/navigation/bca_12_04_04/bca_12_04_04select.cfm. lazyAds.push({divId: 'dfp-ad-slot--inline--1', code: code, height: '250' }); When scouting for the weevil, its important to start looking early in the season, as newly emerged peas are the most vulnerable to damage. Typical damage includes c-shaped notches in the leaves. Canada. Atractomerus indicivus CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton. Key to higher taxa of South American weevils based on adult characters (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea). A dichotomous key is presented to identify all genera of Mexican and Central American Anthonomini. Thanks are extended to the individuals and institutions listed in the Materials and Methods section for loans of Anthonomini, also CONACYT (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia) for support to visit to Texas A&M University (Becas Mixta). Covering everything from choosing the right herbicide to buying and maintaining machinery. See Burke (1981b) to separate species. 28 http://symbiota4.acis.ufl.edu/scan/portal/checklists/checklist.php?cl=1, lourdes.chamorro@ars.usda.gov; nico.franz@asu.edu, https://data.nal.usda.gov/dataset/weevils-north-america-wona, National Agricultural Library Thesaurus Term. Anthonomini species: 49 Ag in Motion comes home, perennial forage profits, stress management. Species has been associated with Fagaceae (Burke 1982). Anthonomus abdominalis Unite State of America. Ag Data Commons. Epimechus flavirostris New World species 11, with 9 species from Mexico and Central America. And, having proper fertility and inoculation will lessen weevil damage. Atractomerus nigrocalcaratus See Clark (1988c, 1995) to separate the species. Distribution: Colombia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, United States of America, Guatemala, Honduras, Haiti, Island Virgin, Mxico, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico; states of Mexico: Guerrero, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Tamaulipas. These taxa can be distinguished from Anthonomini by the following combination of characters: Smicronyx have claws connate at base and pronotum with postocular lobes. Important features and products that may be generated include download entire datasets; map georeferenced records; design custom species lists for any locality at multiple scales; develop educational games with data; create taxonomic keys. Achia rhombifera. Note any damage to the clam leaves on the pea plants. Learn more Link to Weevils of North America (WoNA) web site. Burke (1968). Neomastix spatium New species of Mexican and Central American, Lectotype designations for species of North American. Atractomerus recessus Achia rhombifera New World species 1, monotypic genus, Melexerus hispidus 1Instituto de Ecologa, A.C. Carretera antigua a Coatepec 351, El Haya, Xalapa 91070, Veracruz.

The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the 20Brachyogmus ornatus Anthonomus flavirostris. The information on this page (the dataset metadata) is also available in these formats: The Weevils of North America (WoNA) (http://symbiota4.acis.ufl.edu/scan/portal/checklists/checklist.php?cl=1) is an emerging resource for occurrence information, habitus photographs, legacy descriptions, and interactive identification keys for the almost 400 genera and 3300 species of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) in North America, led by the Arizona State University Frank F. Hasbrouck Insect Collection (ASUHIC) group (NMF) and the Systematic Entomology Laboratory (USDA-SEL) (MLC). Cionopsis lineolata See Burke (1981a) and Anderson (1994) to separate species. Pest and Diseases Image Library, bugwood.org, Pea leaf weevil management: early identification key, Les Henry: A recipe for 65 bushels per acre of canola, Get magnesium levels up before cattle turnout, Cattle producers share good production ideas, Take these steps early on to prevent disease. Botanebius gibbosus New World species 1, monotypic genus, Brachyogmus ornatus Linell 1897. Phyllotrox, femur with ventral margin simple, lacking tooth; procoxae closer to posterior margin than to anterior margin of prosternum. 54 The following keys may be used in conjunction with Morris's works.