romania presidential elections

Biroul Electoral Central. Barna came in second with 27%, a percentage slightly higher than that won by PLUS in the EU elections just five months before. And he chose to stay in Sibiu when most of his family migrated to Germany at the beginning of the 1990s. Dancila received less than 3% of the diaspora vote, so her base was primarily in Romania. From education to hospitals, from street cleanliness to public transportation and easements for public cultural events, Iohannis did well by his constituency. But behind this faade, a different game of dealing and stealing was in full swing. 1959). Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2022, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2022, Number of apps available in leading app stores Q1 2022, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. Much has happened in the intervening 5 years. Statista. Many of these individuals represent new political formations of various populist stripes (mostly right leaning), together with PLUS and USR, a new center-right liberal alternative alliance that had performed extremely well in the May 2019 EU elections, the first in which they competed. In, Biroul Electoral Central. Today, preference for more moderate politicians makes this country stand out in the region. Dncils takeover as party leader further exacerbated the partys image. Enter Klaus Iohannis (b. Show publisher information 62, of November 21, 2014, the Constitutional Court took note that Mr. Klaus Werner Iohannis was elected president of Romania, according to the provisions of Article 82, the first paragraph of Romania's Constitution, as well as Article 53 of Law 370/2004 on the election of Romania's President, the Constitution Court decided by unanimity to validate the election of Mr. Klaus Werner Iohannis as president of Romania,' the rulings reads. Though peaceful overall, some violent scuffles took place, some of them being blamed on the PSD as inciters. Sign up for our weekly newsletter to receive selections from new issues of Public Seminar. In 2014, the electoral offers in the presidential elections were dire. After his strong showing in the first round, Iohannis re-election was not a surprise. This provided an opening for the police to use water cannons, tear gas, and other violent methods to disperse the protesters. "Final Results of The Second Round of The Presidential Elections in Romania in 2019* (in 1,000s). The conflict of the right-wing parties may enable the Social Democrats to gain the time they need to re-organise their ranks. and over 1Mio. He ran for President on that ticket and lost. The field was wide, with fourteen candidates competing initially. He has also been visibly less effective in standing up to the PSD on other matters, such as the investigation into the police abuses that happened on 10 August 2018, during anenormous rallyorganized by the Romanian diaspora in Bucharest. They think of citizenship rights and obligations differently. In the second round, which took place over the 22-24 November weekend, Romanians in the diaspora voted over three days. Chart. Digitisation in Romania accelerates during the pandemic, Bulgaria: a Russian spy network has been dismantled, Bulgaria blocks accession negotiations with North Macedonia, North Macedonia decides to hold a snap parliamentary election, Russia behind bars: the peculiarities of the Russian prison system, A creeping annexation.

Corporate solution including all features. On 24 November 2019, Romania held the runoff of the presidential election which was won by the incumbent President Klaus Iohannis, who is linked with the centre-right National-Liberal Party (PNL). Since then, Kovesi has found new wind in her sails with her appointment as the special EU anti-corruptionprosecutor, which the PSD resisted dearly, both as a personal slap in their face and also likely out of fear for what her activities in Brussels, now fully protected from any vengeful personal attacks by the Romanian corrupt system, might bode for corrupt government and business practices in the country. Until recently, the level of support for candidates representing this party in presidential elections has never been below 45% (in the second round). $39 per month* Final results of the second round of the presidential elections in Romania in 2019* (in 1,000s) [Graph]. At the same time, it is using anti-establishment rhetoric targeted at the PNL, which has been present in Romanian politics since the beginning of the 1990s. In October 2019, her inept management of the party resulted in the toppling of the social-democratic government. 81 of the Constitution and the Law 370/2014 on the election of Romania's President were met, taking into consideration the fact that Mr. Klaus Werner Iohannis got the highest number of votes in the second round and the fact that in its ruling no. Romania was one of the post-communist countries to join the neoliberal bandwagon slower than the Visegrad group and made it to EU membership just when the 2008 global crisis was about to break. But the overwhelmingly positive Romanian stereotypes about the ethnic German minority living there (hard working, correct, punctual) greatly helped Iohannis, as did his splendid work as mayor. In that contest, the PLUS/USR ticket won nearly the same percentage of votes as the PSD. In essence, the political landscape had a front that looked healthy and divided along several recognizable European ideological lanes Liberal, Socialist, Christian Democrat, Nationalist, and Peasantist. This years presidential election was characterised by the unprecedented mobilisation of the Romanian community abroad (it is estimated at 45 million individuals residing mainly in Italy, Spain and Germany, and accounts for 2025% of Romanias population). The participation of so many Romanians at voting stations in Great Britain, Spain, France, and other European states was big news in Romania proper. Over 940,000 people participated, which counted for more than 10% of the total votes cast, as their rate of participation was substantially higher than the nearly 50% voting rate in Romania. Sign up for our weekly newsletter to receive selections from new issues of. It took two more presidents for Romania to turn to someone whose integrity comes close to that of Ratiu. He sought asylum in the U.K. and remained there until 1990, doing assiduous work on behalf of the Romanian diaspora and trying to keep the flame of democracy alive in exile. And re-electing a president who is both an ethnic minority, who also has spoken out on his commitment to fight corruption. According to the final results released by BEC, the total number of Romanian citizens from abroad who went to the polls was 379,116. Voter turnout was 54.46%. What we see since then is a slow unravelling of that behind the scenes process through the spectacular work of anti-corruption special prosecutor Laura Codruta Kovesi. On November 24, 2019, Romania performed a rare feat in contemporary European elections. Overall, for a long period after 1989 this party managed to retain control over much of the reform process and its implementation. In Romania, those corrupt practices were what had kept the PSD in power for over two decades. That was the reputation he was able to solidify over the three mayoral mandates he won with overwhelming support from the ethnic Romanian majority there (89% in 2004 and 88% in 2008). During his mandate in Sibiu, the city turned from a gross industrial center into a flourishing touristic attraction. It is a remarkable moment in a period of general uncertainty and shift towards illiberalism from Great Britain to Poland, and its worth pausing to consider what it means both for Romania and more broadly in Europe. The number of people, especially young ones, who decided to try their luck at greener pastures by migrating to various parts of the EU skyrocketed. "Noting that the provisions of Art. He has received 65.88% of the vote (with 99.67% of the votes counted). The challenges for the liberals, moving ahead, will be to resume the anti-corruption fight interrupted a year ago, using Kovesi as an asset rather than competitor on that account. It expressed hope in the possibility that someone who made Sibiu great again could extend that vision to the whole of Romania. According to the document published on the BEC website, Christian Liberal Alliance's candidate Klaus Iohannis got 54.43 percent (6,288,769 votes) in the second round of the presidential elections on Sunday, while Victor Ponta, the candidate of the Social Democratic Party - National Union for Romania's Progress - Conservative Party alliance polled 45.56 percent (5,264,383 votes), according to the final report on the election results the Central Electoral Bureau (BEC) published on its website. (November 24, 2019). Este dezamgitor c nu nelegei c Iohannis nu v face nimic, este o marionet a sekurikilor. Voter turnout was 54.46%. He returned to Romania soon after the Revolution and went all in to restore the National Peasant Party. In the second round, Dancila won only 5 of those 6 counties, and only 3 by more than 3 points. Iohannis, to many peoples surprise, came in second. The diaspora voted 94% for Iohannis and brought his victory from safe (56%) to a clear mandate (66%). But in the first round the presidential vote was overall less decisively in favor of Iohannis. Russias plans to partition Ukraine, Digitalisation in Germany: an overview and what lies behind the delays.

Despite its deep crisis, the PSD continues to have major personnel and financial potential alongside its very well-organised and extensive field structures. They tend to be interested in EU politics. Use Ask Statista Research Service, * Including the number of votes from the diaspora. November 24, 2019. His counter-candidate Viorica Dncil, former Prime Minister from the Social Democratic Party (PSD), won 34.12% of the vote. Regardless of this, the, PNLs situation in the upcoming months will most likely be complicated. New, Insights into the worlds most important health markets, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Everything you need to know about the industry development. In the first round of presidential elections that took place on November 10, 2019, Iohannis competed against the recently ousted PSD Prime Minister, Viorica Dancila, as well as 12 other candidates. To use individual functions (e.g., mark statistics as favourites, set From a broader European perspective, this election shows Romania to be better able to stave off the populist wave sweeping through the continent. In a country where ethnonationalism is a mainstream sentiment and ethnic Romanians represent 90% or the population, with the rest divided among Hungarians (6.6%), Roma (2.5%), and then a large variety of other groups, each counting for less than 1%, the election of a candidate who is not ethnically Romanian seems surprising. Fast forward to 2019. Videos of these encounters went viral the next day, and Iohannis called for an independent investigation. Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries As much as 94% of these votes were in favour of the incumbent president. The result of slightly more than 34% of votes cast for D, is an unprecedentedly low result for the Social Democratic Party which has played a leading role in Romanian politics since 1989. This migration includes both highly educated and barely literate persons, many contributing substantial resources to their communities back home through investments (especially in real estate), as well as by returning there and participating in those communities through new lens. In the second round Dancila got 6% of the diaspora vote and a total of nearly 34%. Almost every tenth vote out of around 10 million votes cast in the election was cast by a Romanian living abroad. In parliamentary elections held back in December 2016, the Social Democratic Party won almost 50% of the votes. (USR). You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. Images of young and old waiting patiently to cast their vote became a topic of discussion all over social media, with many voters taking pride in this action and also sending messages to their fellow citizens in Romania proper to follow their lead and cast their votes in this important election. Except that wasnt the case. The party will come under attack from both the PSD and its immediate competitor on the right wing of the political scene . Romanian tourists travelling there came to understand what is possible to achieve in their own cities, if only someone with his integrity and approach to governance could be put in charge. Once Iohannis won the presidency, he voiced his full support for this independent anti-corruption office. He was followed by another member of the old guard, an officer of the Marines and, it was recentlyuncovered, also an informant for the communist secret police, Traian Basescu. Many of them were individuals well known and connected to various corruption allegations. The recent result is a consequence of a deep crisis within the, PSD. In short, the diaspora vote substantially helped both Barna and Iohannis. A colorful figure of enormous ambition, Basescu painted himself as different from the communists and PSD and oversaw the steps Romania needed to take to become a NATO (2004) and then EU (2007) member. facts. But he is married to an ethnic Romanian. The person who came to embody the hopes for such reform in the 2014 elections was Klaus Iohannis. He won 38% of the vote, with Dancila in second place at 22%. Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. He has received 65.88% of the vote (with 99.67% of the votes counted). But Kovesis actions soon reached into areas of political corruption that rendered her a danger to several parties, most prominently the PSD. Barna, in my view, energized the diaspora constituencies. It is part of the brand new world of EU unity and globalization of labor. But he refused to, seeing such a move as antithetical to upholding the rule of law. It was also a resolute vote against corruption and populism in politics. Just as before 1989, personal connections, rather than ideological alignments and actual political programs, played a big role in how political organizations functioned and how the economic rewards were divvied up. A year later, we still dont know exactly what happened. The commentaries were overwhelmingly critical of PSD and identified the election as a vote on continuing the anti-corruption fight. It came primarily as a relief to many people, since most Romanian citizens have come to hate the PSD. Profit from the additional features of your individual account. Ion Iliescu, an old communist apparatchik, had won the first two presidential elections, keeping Romania firmly on the path of slow reform and transformation of the old communist party into a respectable European organization that could participate alongside other social democratic parties in EU politics. You only have access to basic statistics. Register in seconds and access exclusive features. Source: Romanian National News Agency AGERPRES, Invitation to Bid for Health insurance Services for The Consulate General of Romania in New York personnel, On the longest day of the year, the longest theater show, The restrictions for foreign citizens traveling to Romania have been eliminated starting with June 1, 2021.

That party was in control of Parliament in 2018 and decided to propose her dismissal on the basis of 20 counts of alleged criminal behavior. The US Embassy protested, Iohannis opposed this move, and the issue was eventually brought before the Constitutional Court, which agreed with the PSD and forced Iohannis to sign her dismissal. The election was unprecedented for the huge number of Romanians from Spain, Italy, France, and other EU member states who cast over 940,000 votes, over 10% of the total vote. Iohannis speaks Romanian with the accent of a non-native speaker. If you are an admin, please authenticate by logging in again. Please do not hesitate to contact me. Learn more about how Statista can support your business. According to polls, this party enjoys the highest approval rating both in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate (around 30%). They understand the importance of the rule of law in fighting corruption and hold those committed to this cause in great respect. In the second round between these two, Iohannis went from 30% of the vote to 54.5% of the vote. Unlike Czechoslovakia, where people recognized Vaclav Havel as a unique and irreplaceable resource for establishing the credibility of the country among European states and international investors, Romania kicked Ion Ratiu (1917-2000) to the curb in the first Presidential elections after 1989. But between the early 1990s and 2014 some important things happened with the electorate. The PLUS/USR candidate, Dan Barna, represents the professional middle class with wide international experience and connections that many among the 3 million diaspora Romanians recognize as their own. On Thursday BEC sent the Constitutional Court the report on the results of the vote in the second round of the presidential elections. Accessed July 22, 2022., Biroul Electoral Central. Out of the ballots cast, 1.41 percent were void, namely 166,111. These leaders were themselves convenient fronts for what was happening inside the parties, which was a race to compete with the heirs of the communist leadership, the PSD, for capital and other resources. In fact, the Social Democrats have become a regional party of Southern Romania, winning a substantial plurality of more than 5 points in only 7 of Romanias 41 counties, 6 of them in Southern Romania. This latter party, which is ideologically close to the PNL, intends to attempt to win over the same group of voters. Get full access to all features within our Corporate Solutions. For over a decade after the end of the brutal Nicolae Ceausescu dictatorship, old communist apparatchiks together with their family and friends gave rise to the PSD and developed both a national infrastructure as well as deep connections in most local government appointments. Romanians voting overseas showed a higher level of participation than in the past, and than inside Romania, and overwhelmingly selected Iohannis with 53%. The strongest candidate in the initial round was PSD leader Victor Ponta, who at that time stood accused of plagiarizing his PhD thesis (an allegation that has been confirmed with his degree rescinded) and of a number of other forms of corrupt behavior. From 2017, Liviu Dragnea, the partys long-time leader, was pushing through controversial reforms of the judiciary and the prosecutors office but in May 2019 he was sentenced to three and a half years in prison for abuse of office. For a while, Kovesi managed to do her job with outstanding results, winning her office the highest rate of public trust (60%) of all government institutions in Romania. OSW | Orodek Studiw Wschodnich im. "Final results of the second round of the presidential elections in Romania in 2019* (in 1,000s)." More than anything, it was a vote against the PSD and corruption. Please log in to access our additional functions, *Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license, The ideal entry-level account for individual users. His counter-candidate Viorica D. , former Prime Minister from the Social Democratic Party (PSD), won 34.12% of the vote. For representatives of the Romanian community abroad, their participation in the election was an opportunity to manifest their involvement in the countrys political life and to show their dislike of the centre-left government. Today it is estimated that over 3 million Romanian citizens (out of 19.3 million) live overseas, many of them holders of a Romanian passport and with deep roots in the communities they left behind. On this occasion, CCR President Augustin Zegrean said that the CCR members met on Friday to check the files received from the Central Electoral Bureau and to validate the elections for Romania's President. This was followed by a centre-right government coming to power, headed by Ludovic Orban, leader of the PNL which is the Social Democratic Partys political competitor, Re-election for Iohannis solidifies the PNLs position ahead of parliamentary elections planned for the end of 2020. Some of Romanias post-socialist neighbors have seen a polarization of the political landscape and a turn towards illiberalism, most evident in Hungary and Poland. (billed annually). A man of remarkable integrity in the Romanian political landscape already before World War II, Ratiu resigned from his government position in 1940, when the legionary fascist regime came to power. Fr s vreau s jignesc, nu ai menionat faptul c Romnia a fost capturat de sekuriki. John W. Hill Chair of European History, Indiana University, Bloomington. The incumbent, anti-corruption ethnic minority President Klaus Iohannis won 66% of the vote in a contest against the woman who had been, until October, the Prime Minister and the formal leader of the most powerful party in post-communist Romania, the Social Democrats (PSD). They also see the deficiencies of the Romanian administration at the local level less as a given fact and more as a problem that needs to be eliminated through reform and political action. 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It was a spectacular victory. statistic alerts) please log in with your personal account. President-elect of Romania, Klaus Iohannis on Friday received the decision confirming his election, during a ceremony at the Constitutional Court of Romania (CCR). Both of these groups had prominent elderly leaders who had spent years in the communist jails or had been exiled, and whose return to the public scene may have represented a symbolic return to morality and to the values of democracy. A national referendum held soon thereafter saved him, but only because of the successful EU accession and dislike for the alternative. The original sources for the final round of Presidential elections in Romania in 2019 can be viewed by accessing the document under "List fiiere rezultate finale din ar i strintate.. 2025%. The total number of the voters who went to the polls was 11,719,344 (64.10 percent), of which 10,042,721 were registered with the permanent voter rolls, 1,569,668 with additional lists and 106,955 have cast their vote in the mobile ballot box. There were early attempts to restore historic parties, such as the National Peasant Party or the National Liberal Party. At present, however, according to polls, the level of support for the party is a mere. This new type of electoral power that migrants hold is a phenomenon; political parties and policy makers will need to respond to with increasing attention. The CCR president pointed out that the file of the candidate, the reports on the results of the Nov. 2 first round, Nov. 16 second round respectively, drawn up by BEC, as well as the two CCR rulings on the result of the two voting rounds were analyzed. Romanians living primarily in the EU and Canada organized an anti-corruption rally that brought together tens of thousands of Romanians in the streets and eventually saw a violent reaction on the part of law enforcement. Society perceives the PSD as an organisation riddled with corruption. while not engaging in corrupt practices to enrich himself makes Romania stand out even more in the region. 94% of those voters selected Iohannis. A physics high school teacher who later became the mayor of Sibiu (2000), Iohannis gravitated slowly towards the National Liberal Party as the closest platform for his presidential bid, having originally been part and eventually leader of the small Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania. And the people who lived outside of Romania voted en masse for Iohannis. We are a non-profit organization, wholly supported by The New School, and by the generosity of our sponsors and readers. In 2014, I did not believe Iohannis could win the elections, given his ethnic background in the context of the level of nationalist bias in Romania. Overview and forecasts on trending topics, Industry and market insights and forecasts, Key figures and rankings about companies and products, Consumer and brand insights and preferences in various industries, Detailed information about political and social topics, All key figures about countries and regions, Everything you need to know about Consumer Goods, Identify market potentials of the digital future, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Health Market Outlook Just a few years ago, the level of ultra-nationalism in Romania was worrisome to many observers. A major portion of this group is holding the Social Democratic Party, which has ruled or co-ruled the country almost uninterruptedly since 1989, accountable for the large-scale economic migration Romania has been experiencing for over a decade. Public Seminar is a journal of ideas, politics, and culture published by the Public Seminar Publishing Initiative at The New School. And Sibiu is one of the most frequently visited cities in Romania. Many had hoped he would stand up to the PSD and defy the Constitutional Courts decision.

Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Toplists & Rankings: Best Employers Portal, Show sources information Currently, you are using a shared account. She was appointed by Ponta in 2013 and soon gained greater visibility after the US Embassy awarded her the Woman of courage award in 2014 for her anti-corruption efforts.

Copyright 20142022 The Editorial Board of Public Seminar, All Rights Reserved. Except that Basescu himself became embroiled in a massive corruption scandal around the same time that Romania joined the EU and was impeached. All that happened through electoral processes and a series of behind the scenes capture of economic and media resources by the illiberal parties on the rise. With the very visible and enthusiastic endorsement of the US government through this award, Kovesi was initially protected from the internal mudslinging between the PSD and the liberals. Barna got 15% of the vote, with an independent candidate, Mircea Diaconu, as fourth at nearly 9%. MarkaKarpia, On 24 November 2019, Romania held the runoff of the presidential election which was won by the incumbent President Klaus Iohannis, who is linked with the centre-right National-Liberal Party (PNL). Iohannis has lost some of his luster in this process.