does latvia have tanks


Armored train No. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. After resisting the attacking Soviet forces for over half a year, the 19th Division surrendered on 9th May 1945.

1 Latvian-made armored car built on a Fiat chassis named Sargs, Latvian for guard, Later, a single armored car based on the Ford AA truck chassis was built in Latvia in 1930 for training purpose.

Furthermore, Latvia was involved in General Plan Ost (Eng. The first Latvian-SS Division (15th Waffen-SS Panzergrenadier Division) was formed in February 1943 and the second Latvian Division (19th Waffen-SS Panzergrenadier Division) was formed in 1944. 1 Sheffield Simplex armored car named Imanta after a region close to Riga I have decided that Poland would join Canada, which is the framework Nation in Latvia, and that we will send a single company of Polish tanks there.Antoni Macierewicz, Minister of Defence. The term Voluntary SS was simply used as propaganda material. During this time, the KGB searched for former members of the Latvian Legion. https://ww2db.com/country/Latvia, Article and photos on the Latvian SPAAG After pushing the Red Army back, they eventually reached Daugavpils where they reached an agreement with the Latvians. Their goal of keeping German influence in the Baltic area persisted. The Soviet Russian Criminal Code was introduced. Additionally, in 1918, the Russian SFSR signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russias participation in World War One. In fact, the Iron Division did not fully leave. Later, the vehicle was transferred to the Latvian Army with the same task. No. During the night, many important politicians were arrested. The regime consisted of a unicameral parliament with a president. The German vehicle is also tailored to be used as a hunter-killer platform, with independent targeting system for the commander available. Additionally, they were drafted into joining the Latvian Legion. This force was called the Aizsargi (Lv. After the arrival of the 40 mm Vickers tanks, the second and third companies had 9 Vickers tanks each (6 machine gun tanks, 3 anti-tank gun tanks). In April 1919, the Baltic Nobility, a privileged social class consisting mostly of Baltic Germans, carried out a coup detat which created another regime, starting a civil war during the War of Independence. Shortly after, the Latvians bought 1 more Mark V and 2 Medium Mark B tanks from the UK. 210-218 were part of the 3rd Company, which was stationed in Riga at that time. The Fiat 3000s got the numbers 101-106. The last 6 arrived in 1938 and were armed with a Vickers 40 mm 2 pdr QF-canon, which was a rare Vickers export gun made for this tank. The first company was an armored car company. Over 5,000 Latvians joined the Soviet Army after eastern Latvia had been captured. Since the people of Latvia were neither German nor a part of the germanic race, the division was not independent. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. During the first months of German occupation, 30,000 Jews were killed in the Riga Ghetto. Additionally, during big parades, the Latvian flag was put onto the tanks. Eventually, following the November 1918 armistice with the Entente, Germany had to give up the territory it had annexed, with the Allied Powers and the Inter-Allied Commission of Control arriving in the region. It would remain a part of the USSR until 1990, when Latvia finally gained independence as the Soviet Union started to collapse. A provisional government was formed, with Karlis Ulmanis as the leader.

The Vickers light tanks had the numbers 201-218. The third platoon had a white triangle with a red square on the right side. One of the derivates, fitted with the French SAVAN-15 fire control suite and S-1000/ESM-350 powerpack were being exported to Malaysia (48 such vehicles have been sold). During a visit to Great Britain in 1930, they bought one Carden Loyd Mk. Pres. Baltic Country Protection), an armed force created by the Baltic Nobility, the Latvians managed to recapture some of the recently lost territory. When the Soviets started Operation Bagration and Latvian territory was once again invaded by the Soviets, Latvia was annexed and the Latvian SSR was formed again. In 1940, when it was moved to Cesis, the regiment consisted of four companies. Although their exact origin is not clear, Latvia received four Peerless-4-ton AAGCs at one point during the Latvian War of Independence. In January 1920, the Polish and Latvian Armies joined forces and attacked the Soviet-occupied city of Daugavpils. In July, the retreating Latvian Legion crossed the Russian-Latvian border, where it was split up. Many Latvians fled to other countries or joined the Voluntary forces (2nd Latvian SS Brigade) to escape this fate. Before 1938, the second and third tank companies had only 6 Vickers machine gun tanks each. The occupation lasted over three centuries, during which indigenous people suffered from hard labor and high taxes. 1 Izhorskiye-Fiat 55 armored car named Staburags after an unusual rock formation on the shores of the Daugava Settlements were built and promised for the over 50,000 returning Germans in the newly annexed Poland. Their fate is unknown but they were likely scrapped by either the Latvians before 1940 or the Soviet Union afterward. In the following months, Latvia was bullied by the Soviet Union into de facto becoming a puppet state, as it was forced to sign a mutual assistance pact with the Soviet Union which allowed the Soviets to build military bases on Latvian soil. First, those who fit the criteria (male and born between 1906-1928) were asked if they would join labor work in occupied German territory. These armored trains were organized in the Unit of Armored Train, which on 26 June 1926 was reformed into the Regiment of Armored Trains. When Drawa fire control system was being developed, experience and expertise gathered during the R&D works implemented by the Polish defence industry, related to the Merida FCS for the T-55AM tanks, modernized back in the 1980s, has also been taken into account. The third platoon had a white square with a triangle on the left side of the turret. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Furthermore, the Estonians managed to recapture northern Latvia, since their war of independence was going much better in comparison to the Latvian one. During the MSPO 2016 exhibition, a new, PT-16 standard demonstrator of the Twardy tank has been showcased. The Latvian Legion (15th Division) first saw action in November 1943, when it fought in the area of Pskov Oblast.

In the 3rd Company, the first platoon had a red circle on the left side, while the second platoon had one on the right side. The Polish-Soviet War was similar to the independence wars fought by the Baltic states. Although both divisions received good training, some modern equipment and could even keep their uniforms, the level of trust between the Latvian soldiers and Soviet officers was low. By 1940, only two of the Mark Vs were still in running order, while the rest had been scrapped.

Due to the weakness of the defending forces, many parts of Latvia were captured by the advancing Reds, including Daugavpils and Riga. The only request was that two of the Mark Vs had to be given to Latvia. In 1926, the Latvian government searched for new ways to acquire tanks due to the obsolescence of the British tanks. The ones who joined on their own were either supporters of fascism or nationalists who were fighting not for Germany, but the independence of Latvia. This included Prime Minister Karlis Ulmains, who died in a Siberian camp in 1942. They had to be repaired often and there was a lack of spare parts. During its service time in the War of Independence, the train managed to destroy two other armored trains of the Red Army. Tanks with the numbers 201-209 were part of the 2nd Company which was stationed in Daugavpils in 1940. Several variants of the Twardy main battle tanks were developed, with enhanced combat capabilities. Latvias leader, Ulmanis, signed an agreement with Germany.

Antoni Macierewicz, Polish Minister of Defence, announced that the Polish Army is going to deploy a company of the PT-91 Twardy main battle tanks to Latvia. Armored train number 5 (Kalpaks) was built in October of 1919 in Liepja and participated in the defense of the city against the West Russian Volunteer Army. The following day, the streets of Riga were blocked by the police. Hence, the Polish Twardy tanks would join other NATO armoured assets of the battalion groups gathered on the Eastern Flank British Challenger, French Leclerc main battle tanks stationed in Estonia and German Leopard 2 tanks, stationed in Germany. On 16th June 1940, Soviet forces attacked and killed three Latvian border guards and sent an ultimatum to the Latvian government which requested a reform of the government and the occupation of Latvia. But, after the failed offensive led by General Nicholas Yudenich of the White Russian Northwestern Army in late October 1919, the Army was dissolving and retreating into Estonian territory. Each platoon consisted of 2 machine gun tanks and 1 gun tank. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. 1 was built by the Communists in irotava when they first invaded Latvia in 1919. Both sides realized that they were fighting fellow Latvians for the independence of Latvia. Furthermore, the Bolsheviks formed the Latvian SSR (Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic) in Riga. This resulted in the demobilization of both divisions when the Germans invaded because the Soviets feared that the Latvians might turn on them. Even though Karlis Ulmanis held the position of Prime Minister of Latvia three times, he did not have full power over the state which was divided into the members of the parliament. The Saxons, whilst invading, met the local Livs and called their country Livland, which means Livonia translated into Latin. During the Latvian War of Independence, these armored trains proved more effective for Latvia than for the Reds. https://www.antik-war.lv/viewtopic.php?f=48&t=1306542, Article about the Latvian Coup dtat This regime was not comparable to other authoritarian regimes, since Ulmanis did not enforce a one ruling party system. Overall, Latvia had 100,000 military deaths, 300,000 civilian deaths, and 66,000 deaths from the Holocaust. The required oath was also lowered, with the soldiers only needing to pledge to God, the German high command, and the demand to fight the Bolsheviks. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Their first combat engagement was in Riga, where they also fought against the Latvian Legion. There was also No. Over 100,000 Latvians joined the Legion but only a small portion of Latvians joined voluntarily.

In 1935, the Latvian government felt the need to get new tanks that would eventually replace the old and outdated Mk. As a result, Ulmanis, with the help of the Army, police and the national guard (Aizsargi) launched a coup dtat on 15th May 1934. The first system was the originally planned organization which was first created in 1935, but had to be delayed until November 1938. The country was one of the four regions which made up the Ostland (the Reichskommissariat for the Baltics and Belarus). These armored trains proved excellent at securing bridges and important railway stations, and destroying other armored trains. After the combined German forces headed north to the city of Csis, which was previously captured by the Latvian Army, the Allies (the term Allied or Allies refers to the Entente powers which intervened in the former territories of Russia during the civil war) realized that the German goal was not just eliminating the Bolsheviks, but rather sustaining German influence in Latvia. After seeing this, the Soviet generals commanded their Latvian troops to another area. In 1561, the country was partitioned into two. All colors were separated by thin black lines. The origin of the first Latvian SPAAGs can be traced back to the Russian Civil War, when Great Britain and France sent troops and AFVs to aid the White Army. Furthermore, many citizens joined to seek revenge against the Red Army for the annexation and repression against the people. PT-91 Twardy main battle tanks are a deeply modernized variant of the T-72M1 platform, developed and manufactured by the Polish defence industry. While the region of Courland in the southwest became the autonomous Duchy of Lithuania, the northern region of Livonia was fully integrated into Lithuania. Ammunition is also a relevant issue here. The following day, Latvia was invaded and Soviet troops marched into Riga. The first tank company consisted of 3 platoons. The machine gun variants stayed in Riga, where they were taken over by the Wehrmacht the following days. The latter mainly consisted of the Latvian Second Brigade. The first platoon had a white triangle with a red circle on the left side of the turret and the second platoon had a white triangle with a circle on the right side of the turret. In October 1919, the newly created army marched to Liepja, where they were attacking the Latvian Army which was assisted by Allied naval support and Estonian armored trains. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvian_War_of_Independence https://armoredcars-ww-one.blogspot.com/2012/11/latvian-peerless-4-ton-qf-13-pdr-9-cwt.html, Museum website about Latvia under occupation 2). Later it was disassembled and the parts were given to No. While the tanks were incorporated into the 23rd Tank Division, which was a division consisting of only Soviet soldiers, all of the Latvian soldiers were organized into the 181st and 183rd Rifle Divisions, which were a part of the 24th Territorial Rifle Corps. IV was used by the National Guards to help suppress any protesters. One year later, the tanks arrived. This Brigade saw action during the Siege of Leningrad but also helped with the deportation and killing of many Latvian civilians. 5. The first official Latvian government was formed in 1922. Many soldiers turned to the West Russian Volunteer Army, an army created covertly by Germany which officially only consisted of Russian prisoners of war (POWs) from the Great War and the Civil War. When the Second World War began, Latvia signed treaties with Germany and the Soviet Union. After the Latvian War of Independence (1918-1920), the Latvian government was looking for a cheap way to acquire tanks. They have been fitted with the new ERAWA-1/2 reactive armour, Drawa fire control system (including Drawa-T system with a FLIR sight), improved S-12U powerpack (850 HP), and Odra laser warning receiver. They were sent to Riga as support, but never saw action.

Soldiers of the 10th Armoured Cavalry Brigade, the first users of the Leopard tanks, when they compared the new platform to the Twardy vehicle, mentioned, above all, the accuracy of the rounds fired on the move or manoeuvrability of the German tank, as the main advantages Leopard had, over the Twardy platform.

PT-91 tanks have been developed at the Bumar-abdy facility, both as vehicles manufactured from scratch, as well as in a form of modernized T-72M1 tanks. Within the scope of modernization works, PT-91 Twardy main battle tanks are receiving the KLW-1 Asteria thermal vision systems, nonetheless, deeper upgrade has not been planned. The 15th Division was sent to Prussia, while the 19th stayed in Latvia. This made anyone who opposed the Soviet Constitution a criminal and a target for arrest. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvia#Declaration_of_independence, Article on the Soviet occupation of Latvia Meanwhile, the second platoon had a red triangle on the left side. It shares borders with the other two Baltic nations (Estonia and Lithuania), Russia and Belarus. During the First World War, Latvian people were mobilized and fought in the Russian Army to defend their homeland from the advancing Germans. Nonetheless, in 1940, the country was annexed by the Soviets. The camouflage pattern applied to the Mark Vs and Medium Bs was the same since the start, a dark green paint. Ulmanis), 9369 (Generalis Balodis), and 9147 (Generalis Burts), while the Medium Mark Bs got 1209 (Latgalietis) and 1615 (Vidzemnieks). Therefore, every platoon had 3 vehicles and only two platoons per company. https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205333852 Most of the people that were loyal to Ulmanis were part of the national guard which played a big role during the coup. Since not only Latvians fought in this battle but also the Polish Army, the battle is also considered to be part of the Polish-Soviet War. 23.11.2016 12:39. They did not take part in the War of Independence but were sent to the area of Daugavpils to secure the region after the Battle of Daugavpils. https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/independence_wars_lithuania_latvia_and_estonia, Wikipedia article about the Latvian armored train regiment The second system was the improvised variant which was implemented in 1936. Like the Latvian SPAAGs, Mark V Composite tanks (fitting one male and one female sponson) were originally sent to support the White Army and stop the Red Army. After various failed attempts by the Russian Empire to gain control of the region of Latvia, they managed to occupy most of the area in 1772. 4s origin is not clear but it was captured from the West Russian Volunteer Army during the liberation fight of Jelgava in December 1919 and rebuilt in Jelgava train depot with parts of No. All Baltic Germans were asked to return to the fatherland. This battle was important because of its direct impact on the ceasefire signed between Latvia and the Soviet Union signed about a month later. During this time, the only Carden Loyd Mk. These trucks were armed with a QF 13-pdr 9-cwt Mk. After being sent to Prussia, the 15th Division continued fighting in the area of Danzig. On 11th August 1920, the LatvianSoviet Peace Treaty was signed, resulting in the end of all conflicts between these two states. https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvijas_Bru%C5%86oto_vilcienu_pulks, Website which covers the Latvian armored trains No. 1 Austin-Garford armored car named Zemgaleetis The Latvians managed to successfully buy 18 Vickers 4-ton light tanks. The Estonians also decided to sign a pact with Latvia. In 1940, the Latvian Army had only 2 armored trains left in running condition (No. Similarly to the Obra system, the solution mentioned above has been delivered by the PCO company. Furthermore, the Russians acquired the southern region after the Third Partition of Poland in 1795. For the sake of simplicity, the article is going to refer to both divisions as Latvian Legion. Karlis Ulmanis asked the people to not resist since it was fruitless trying to fight the Soviets. His ideology was based on Corporatism (a political ideology in which all classes work together for one goal), which was similar to the one used in Estonia and Portugal at that time. After the recapture of Riga, the armored train was commandeered by the Freikorps. During his time, Latvia experienced a rise in the Gross Domestic Product and a reduction in illiteracy rates. Furthermore, the first provisional government of Karlis Ulmanis was re-established. Later, the rest of the Latvian Legion disobeyed German commands and surrendered to American forces. The 19th fought during the Battle of Riga and was later cut off in the Courland Pocket. At first, the invading Germans were greeted with joy and support from the local people because of the relief from Soviet terror. Aiszargu). In 1920, Latvia had 9 armored cars: However, after the advancing Red Army reached Latvian soil, the LCP was allowed to create a separate military force that fought for the freedom of Latvia.

These cookies do not store any personal information. The term SS-Voluntary Division was simply a formality. The trucks stayed in service until 1940 when their trace was lost. nc30 Due to the consequences of the treaty, the Landeswehr was put under the control of the Allied forces and the Iron Division had to leave Latvia, ending the 700-year long rule of the Baltic Nobility. The 6 armored cars were split up into 3 Platoons with 2 vehicles each. This had been agreed to at the Tehran Conference (under the condition of a vote of the citizens, but organized by the Soviets and with no outside checks), which allowed Stalin to have full power over the country. 2 Putilov-Garford armored cars named Lplsis and Kurzemnieks after the Latvian name for Courland An unknown number of Marienwagen IIs were captured during the fighting against the West Russian Volunteer Army since they got most of their equipment from the dissolving Freikorps. The Carden Loyd Mk IV stayed in the standard olive green, while the Fiat 3000 tanks were painted in an Italian three-tone pattern which did not include the black lines between the color patches. Many of the former Latvian Riflemen joined the Red Army, while a small number joined the White Army. Furthermore, they had a positive impact on the morale of the Latvian forces.

As a result, they were unwilling to fight and disengaged from each other. Throughout this time, the Latvians gained more rights, which included the right to purchase land and the establishment of many public facilities, such as universities. The Vickers had the typical three-tone pattern, which had an olive green base with rust red and sand yellow patches. This variant is dedicated, predominantly, for the export sales. The only surviving WW2 tank of the Auto Tank Regiment is located in the Kubinka tank museum. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The vehicles in question are to become a part of the battalion group stationed there. General Plan East), which was the deportation of all ethnic Jews and the reduction by 50% of the number of Latvians in Latvias case. This was not the case, as the Communist Party was the only party that was allowed to participate and the Red Army was occupying the country. These troops were called the Latvian Riflemen. Another disadvantage has been seen in relatively weak mobility (acceleration dynamics or low speed in reverse, making it more difficult to carry out defensive manoeuvrers). During the interwar period, Latvia experienced a period of economic growth.

In the end, no one was harmed and the prisoners were all released by 1935. The main portion came from the Mobilization Act of Latvia which was established due to the German Army suffering more and more defeats on the Eastern Front. They reached out to the Italians and ordered 6 Fiat 3000 tanks. Later on, they were a part of the Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment Artillery Company. After a major offensive from Estonian and Latvian forces, the Soviets were pushed back to the area of eastern and southern Latvia. The aforesaid joint unit is going to be commanded by the Canadians, and it is to involve, besides the Poles, soldiers hailing from Italy, Albania and Slovenia as well. The insignias or identification marks of the second company were a white square with a red circle on the right side of the turret for the first platoon and a white square with a red circle on the left side of the turret for the second platoon. Vs and Fiat 3000s. Latvia is a small country in eastern Europe on the shores of the Baltic Sea. The tank is a Vickers light tank armed with a 40 mm gun. As the first platform used within the Polish Army, Twardy tanks have been fitted with thermal vision observation systems.

Shortly after, the new leader, Augusts Kirhenteins, who had been installed by the Soviets, held an election to give the appearance of democratic countenance. However, it received this name only after the destruction of a Soviet armored train. The tank has also received the enhanced protection offered by the reactive armour system, which keeps the crew safer from the anti tank weaponry, also from the weapons that are using the tandem warheads, at least to some extent. The available information suggests that most of the ammunition stored, dates back to the times of the Warsaw Pact, while the quantity of modern rounds is critically limited. Jakub Palowski This was a specific Latvian request, and this was the only time this gun was mounted on these tanks. In March 1943, the 24th Territorial Corps, which had been wiped out at Smolensk in 1941, was recreated by the Soviet Union and incorporated over 12,000 Latvians. They reached out to the Vickers company, which was a big export company for weapons at that time. The first platoon of the first company had a red circle on the right side of the turret. Information from a now-defunct website on Baltic states AFVs https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=153645, Latvian Military history blog on the Autotanku Brigade http://latviansmilhistory.blogspot.com/2009/10/autotanku-brigade.html, Encyclopedia about Latvian tanks These had a meager contribution to the war effort. Many Latvian nationalists continued to fight the Soviet Occupiers for years. Most Latvian politicians, Latvian high-ranking officers, and NCOs were either killed or deported. IV. The third company had similar insignias. It was organized within the Wehrmacht and put under German control. The war started in the winter of 1919, when Soviet troops attacked Poland which had declared its independence after the end of WW1. It was in service again in early 1920 against the Soviets. https://web.archive.org/web/20090601233410/http://www.lacplesis.com/BRUNOTAIS_VILCIENS/LATVIESU_BRUNOTO_VILCIENU_PULKS.htm, Lucas Molina Franco, El Ejrcito de Letonia y Las Guerras Blticas 1918-1940 (Valladolid: Galland Books, 2019), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvian_Auxiliary_Police Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. 4.

PT-91 tanks disadvantages included lack of accuracy, when the cannon was being fired on the move, due to the fact that obsolete stabilizer unit has been applied within the turret. These were not armored and had no armament, so their main role was to carry heavy artillery guns. 6 which was a narrow-gauge line train and saw action in the area of Liepja. After the process of introducing the Leopard 2A4 tanks into the inventory of the Polish Army (with the 2A5 platform to follow) was finalized, the modernization, regarding the upgrades of the T-72M1 tanks up to the PT-91 standard, has been completed too. Although his regime restricted freedom of speech and of press, he was fairly popular amongst the people. It was part of the 60th Army and later of the 1st Ukrainian front. Armored trains played a crucial role during the Russian Civil War and contributed greatly to the Bolsheviks success. The other two platoons consisted of the 6 Fiat 3000s. This punishment aggravated itself during the years to come. The coup began with the occupation of several buildings of the parliament. During the battles for Latvia in May 1919, the Latvian Army managed to capture 2 Austin-Putilov and 2 Putilov-Garford armored cars. I have decided that Poland would join Canada, which is the framework Nation in Latvia, and that we will send a single company of Polish tanks there. IV which arrived during the same year. With the help of the German forces, which included parts of the 6th Reserve Corps of the German Army, which had been allowed to stay in Latvia with the blessing of the Entente after the Armistice in order to fight the Bolsheviks, the Freikorps, a German anti-communist military organization founded after the defeat of Germany, and the Baltische Landeswehr (Eng. nc30 vfr disposal