penal reform international

Prisoners are likely to have existing health problems on entry to prison,

However, this right is rarely realised in prisons, where

It is also hard to underestimate how frightening the experience of detention can be for children.

UNODC's technical assistance in the area of prison reform covers the following thematic areas: A cross-cutting theme relevant to all prison related interventions is healthcare, including specifically the prevention, Training Resource: Advocacy Tools in the Fight Against the Death Penalty and Alternative Sanctions that Respect International Human Rights Standards. of safeguards for pre-trial detainees, such as independent monitoring and inspection mechanisms, comprise important elements Imprisonment disrupts relationships and weakens social cohesion, since the maintenance of such cohesion is based on long-term While overcrowding can be temporarily decreased by building new prisons, practice shows that trying to overcome the harmful Staff morale is usually low and effective leadership to drive prison reform is lacking. Prisons are not isolated from the society and prison health is public health. abolition penal We hope it will be a useful guide for activists and advocates of abolition, giving them the arguments they need to tackle common pre- and misconceptions."

Prison health services are almost always severely under-funded and understaffed often national legislation and rules relating to the management of prisons are outdated and in need of reform. Gender-sensitive rehabilitation and reintegration programmes should be developed that take into account the history behind womens involvement in violent extremist acts, including personal experiences, such as if they have been subject to sexual or other abuse.

Prison authorities have a responsibility Thus, imprisonment contributes directly to the impoverishment of the prisoner,

These include, for example, the development of substance dependence treatment programmes in the community or psycho-social

In addition, the lack of resources and their place in society, changing the focus of penitentiary measures from punishment and isolation, to restorative justice We continue to join efforts to abolish the death penalty, which is a cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment and a violation of the right to life.

This training resource has been developed in conjunction with PRIs partner, Inter Press Service (IPS). work in the area of prison reform. But "A short guide to the fundamental issues and arguments linked to introduction of alternative sanctions following abolition of the death penalty. This resource targets journalists.

Overcrowding is a key concern in almost all prison systems worldwide, while punitive criminal policies, as well as a shortage Specific women's health needs are rarely addressed.

Alongside this free e-course,Penal Reform International's Toolbox on the UN Bangkok Ruleshas a whole range of resources in multiple languages to assist you in your work. When essential safeguards protecting the rights of children in conflict with the law are ignored in the name of national security, then we have to ask if this serves to create additional grievance and alienation amongst children and can in the end be counterproductive. The difficulties in containing a large outbreak in detention facilities are clear. faith groups and those directly engaging children). Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice", United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention and Imprisonment, Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners, United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-Custodial Measures (Tokyo Rules), United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (Bangkok Rules), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, UN Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials, Basic Principles on the use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, Safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty, Basic principles on the use of restorative justice programs in criminal matters, Kampala Declaration on Prison Conditions in Africa, Arusha Declaration on Good Prison Practice. The Together to #ENDviolence Leaders' Event. Topics include for example: developments in international criminal justice policy;notable changes to policy at the national level;prison population trends; prison management issues (eg.

Equivalence of healthcare and the right to health is a principle that applies to all prisoners, who are entitled to receive Thus, the implementation of penal sanctions is poor, sanitation inadequate and access to fresh air and exercise often unavailable.

The right to health includes not only the access to preventive, curative, reproductive, palliative and supportive health

Our primary objectives are to secure trials that are impartial, sentencing practices that are proportionate and promote social rehabilitation, and humane conditions of detention where alternatives to imprisonment are not possible. Solutions to overcrowding Alternatives to the Death Penalty Information Pack, Neglected Needs: Girls in the Criminal Justice System, The Death Penalty: Myths & Realities: Quick Answers to Common Questions, Women in Detention: A Guide to Gender-Sensitive Monitoring, Women in Detention: A Guide to Gender-Sensitive Monitoring|Second edition, Penal Reform International (PRI) (London England). Such action should be guided by international standards and the values of: Do no harm, equality, transparency, humanity. The means of extremism used by women are not always different from those used by men, but it can be harder to monitor or oversee since they often operate in closed circles with very limited contact with the external world. of other human rights, with the exception of those which are naturally restricted by the very fact of being in prison.

in prison are not overstretched, trying to meet the needs of a growing number of prisoners with special needs.

A sentence of imprisonment constitutes only a deprivation of the basic right to liberty.

building of prison administrations. PK ! Their regional offices deliver practical programmes, often in partnership with local civil society partners, promoting and implementing human rights and international standards. including self-mutilation are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in prison. Prison staff are also vulnerable to most of the diseases of which prisoners are at risk. The main focus of the paper is the situation of women in detention in the criminal justice system, though the discussion is in many cases equally relevant to women deprived of liberty in other contexts, such as psychiatric institutions and immigration detention facilities. (p. 2). When a member of a family is imprisoned, the disruption of the family structure affects relationships between

However, this argument is often insufficient to encourage prison reform programmes in countries Global Programme for Strengthening Capacities to Prevent and Combat Organized Crime, Global Programme on Crimes that Affect the Environment, Expert Meeting on International Cooperation, Ad hoc committee to elaborate an international convention on countering the use of ICTs for criminal purposes, International cooperation and information exchange, The Monitoring Illicit Arms Flows Initiative, Global Programme against Money Laundering, United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Conference of the Parties to Organized Crime Convention, Blue Heart Campaign against human trafficking, 20th anniversary of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC20), Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Countering transnational organized crime and illicit trafficking/drug trafficking, Prevention, treatment and reintegration, and alternative development, Drug cultivation, production and manufacture, Statistical activities, surveys and standards, Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, Regional Programme for Afghanistan and Neighbouring Countries, Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ), Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols (UNTOC/COP), Conference of the States Parties to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (COSP), IMOLIN - the international money laundering information network, International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (26 June), United Nations drug, crime and terrorism treaties, United Nations Trust Fund for Victims of Human Trafficking, "Compendium of United

They develop and disseminate information and resources through our publications and this website. for social reintegration increased, in compliance with relevant international standards and norms. However, we do know that children in many jurisdictions are still routinely held in detention alongside adults, which carries a multitude of risks, amongst them the risk of radicalisation. of the imprisonment of one of its members, exacerbated by the new expenses that must be met - such as the cost of a lawyer, Imprisonment disproportionately affects individuals and families living in poverty. tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, sexually transmitted diseases, skin diseases, malaria, malnutrition, diarrhoea and injuries Registered in The Netherlands (registration no 40025979), PRI operates globally with offices in multiple locations. They are often abused, beaten and exploited and as such they can be both victims and perpetrators who are arrested and charged with very serious offences for which they are tried in adult or military courts and deprived of crucial safeguards such as their right to a lawyer. They work on four inter-connected levels: Find out more about them on their official website. Mass imprisonment The main focus of the paper is the situation of women in detention in the criminal justice system, though the discussion is in many cases equally relevant to women deprived of liberty in other contexts, such as psychiatric institutions and immigration detention facilities (p. 3). Sections contained in this document include: introduction to gender-specific treatment; why monitoring bodies should look at this issue; conceptsgender and gender mainstreaming, and discrimination and violence against women; risk factors and measures to reduce riskcertain contexts which heighten risk, certain times that heighten risk, certain policies and practices that heighten risk or cause physical or mental suffering, and certain categories of women who are at heightened risk(girls, victims of human trafficking and sex workers, women with mental healthcare needs, and other groups; and the qualities monitoring bodies need to be effective in this endeavor.

marginalisation, criminality and imprisonment. This special feature provides a global perspective on prison staff recruitment, pay and conditions, professional training, and issues relating to their health, safety and wellbeing. Central to the arguments to promote prison reforms is a human rights argument - the premise on which many UN standards The report also includes a Special Focus pull-out section "Prison staff: Overworked and underpaid?" For nearly 25 years, theyhave been working as a catalyst for change through a smart mix of advocacy and practical programmes for reform. They build the capacity of local civil society organisations to address penal reform in their work and give them a platform to raise human rights issues with authorities.

It is important to be aware that women may be pressured into offending by male family members and that a defence of duress or self-defence should be available to them. "It outlines the risks faced by women deprived of their liberty of being subjected to torture and ill-treatment and measures that can be taken to reduce such risks. PRI went on to develop community service programmes in Kenya and Burkina Faso, and is working in East Africa today with national probation services develop community service.

Thus, reform initiatives valery alery remarkably consistent The integrated strategy to prison reform can benefit immensely from the establishment and development of collaboration poor, developing countries where the state does not provide financial assistance to the indigent and where it is not unusual

prison health services work in complete isolation from national health authorities, including national HIV and national TB Technical assistance provided by UNODC in this area is based on the premise that penal reform and health in prisons are Its production wasgenerously funded by the Thailand Institute of Justice.

An important first step for policy-makers is to research and identify the background, characteristics and social reintegration needs of girl offenders and to use this to inform legislation and policies in a gender sensitive way. staff to apply international standards and norms in their daily practice, and by contributing to the institutional capacity

On 20 January 2022, PRI will hold an online event to launch the new 10-point plan, discuss key findings from the conducted research and hear about the experience of non-custodial sanctions during the ongoing pandemic from varied perspectives. Prison

Girls who offend and who are in detention have distinctive needs that must be identified and addressed so that they receive treatment that is neither better nor worse than that received by boys, but that is equitable. the family is imprisoned the rest of the family must adjust to this loss of income.

the community and probation services where they exist.

PRI's stated goal is to promote safe and secure societies where offenders are held to account, victims rights are recognised, sentences are proportionate and the primary purpose of prison is social rehabilitation not retribution. As mentioned earlier, overcrowding is the root cause of many human rights violations in prisons. An integrated approach also takes account of areas that are typically not regarded as part of the "criminal justice system". It may require cleanup to comply with Wikipedia's content policies, particularly, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, reliable, independent, third-party sources, international nongovernmental organization, African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights, African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners,, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2017, Wikipedia articles with possible conflicts of interest from June 2015, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 12 June 2022, at 13:46.

UNODC In addition, prison health is an integral part of public

UNODC can offer key support and advice in this area, including supporting

the development of social reintegration programmes in prisons and in assisting with the planning and implementation of continuum programmes. are prevalent. Thus the family experiences financial losses as a result to lead a life without having to relapse back into criminal behavior patterns. It outlines the risks faced by women deprived of their liberty of being subjected to torture and ill-treatment and measures that can be taken to reduce such risks. It is hoped that this paper demonstrates the need for gender specific policies that respond to the needs of girls and that the recommendations it contains can be a source of inspiration for law and policy makers to develop a proportionate and gender-sensitive response to offending by girls" (p. 19). "Myths and Realities" provides quick answers to common questions about the death penalty The booklet is interactive in format allowing readers to read the myth and turn over a flap to discover the reality. disease in various contexts. rights, and that the period of imprisonment is used to prepare individuals for life outside prison following release.

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Some of the 13 realities to the myths are: the death penalty doesn't keep people safer than other sentences; you can never be 100% sure you're killing the right person; nobody can say who deserves to die; the death penalty is not applied fairly--people who are poor, mentally challenges, or from a minority are more likely to get a death sentence; the majority of the public do not want the death penalty; and one is not "soft on crime" if they oppose capital punishment-- the harshest sentence isn't the same as an effective response to crime. training regarding prison management. former prisoners are generally subject to socio-economic exclusion and are thus vulnerable to an endless cycle of poverty, countries. The 2016 version also hasa new section on the provision of food in prisons, with some representative data on food expenditure. Another vulnerable group are children who are detained because of their (alleged) involvement in violent extremism. They join for a variety of reasons such as poverty, displacement, sense of identity, ideological attraction and lack of opportunities.

PRI also currently delivers programmes through partners in East Africa and South Asia. be guided by the international standards developed to protect the human rights of prisoners. management and treatment of HIV/AIDS and drug dependency. Penal Reform International (commonly known as PRI), founded in London in 1989, is an international nongovernmental organization working on penal and criminal justice reform worldwide. When released, often with no prospects for employment, bc IwP4Y{Jo(Lt"4>N$iLd"%Y8}2j-$uikazEwqnq`Ie @? For those women who are compelled to travel to marry (so-called sexual jihad), it is very important to understand that they are victims of sexual violence who are in need of psychological treatment, otherwise the trauma may lead to increased extremism and suicide attacks. People in detention also have common demographic characteristics with generally poorer health than the rest of the population, often with underlying health conditions. although pre-trial detainees should be presumed innocent until found guilty by a court of law, and treated as such, conditions Penal Reform International (PRI) has over 20 years experience addressing the rights of suspects, offenders and prisoners in the context of the broader criminal justice system and has been aware for some time that prisons can play a critical role in both triggering and reinforcing the radicalisation process. We advocate for effective and principled humanitarian action by all, for all. Individuals who want an up-to-date understanding of gender-responsive issues and all those who work with female offenders should read this document report.

the same quality of medical care that is available in the community.

and police service, as relevant. effects of prison overcrowding through the construction of new prisons does not provide a sustainable solution. Home / Penal Reform International: the chains of vulnerable groups, radicalisation and prison, By Nikhil Roy of the Penal Reform International (PRI). We know that they are acutely vulnerable because they are isolated from family, friends, education and a normal social environment associating with groups or strong individuals can be an opportunistic attempt to find security and safety. In addition,

The detrimental impact of imprisonment, not only on individuals but on families For further info: see "Compendium of United It is against this background that PRI decided to organise an international roundtable entitled Preventing Radicalisation in Prisons: Developing a Coordinated and Effective Approach in Jordan on 2 3 December 2015.

safe food; adequate nutrition and housing; safe health and dental services; healthy working and environmental conditions; crime prevention and sentencing policies, and on the care and treatment made available to vulnerable groups in the community. Individuals who want an up-to-date understanding of gender-responsive issues and all those who work with female offenders should read this document report.

Penal Reform International's Toolbox on the UN Bangkok Rules, Click here to go to PRI's website and download the free resources. economic and healthcare related costs, which are difficult to measure, but which are immense and long-term. Over 10 special mandates will present a joint statement on human rights and drug policies, as well as related recommendations in the most recent report on HIV and human rights by the UNHCHR. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Bringing Children Home: A children's rights approach to returning from ISIL, Uganda still needs stronger child protection mechanisms, Protecting childrens rights in criminal justice systems - A training manual and reference point for professionals and policymakers. sharia law report The impact can be especially severe in "Treating girls who are offenders and prisoners differently from their male counterparts is not unfair or discriminatory. This included the development and monitoring of the Gacaca Court (grass court) process. TB in the outside community, prevalence of TB can be up to 100 times higher inside the prisons. bH word/document.xml}nY J.ARd+`;+~Vb, The Nelson Mandela Rules: an animated introduction, UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules), Coronavirus: Healthcare and human rights of people in prison. for one breadwinner to financially support an extended family network.

One of the principle objectives of the United Nations in the area of prison reform is to contribute to the successful reintegration PRIs Head Office in London (UK) leads and coordinates its cross-regional programmes, international policy and advocacy activities. Penal Reform International (PRI) is an independent non-governmental organisation that develops and promotes fair, effective and proportionate responses to criminal justice problems worldwide.

In this two-minute animation, they explain the revisedUN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules), what they include, and what they mean for prison management.

The use of non-custodial sanctions and measures also reflects a fundamental change in the approach to crime, offenders will usually need to also encompass criminal justice institutions other than the prison service, such as the judiciary prosecution care but also the access to the underlying determinants of health, which include: safe drinking water and adequate sanitation;

We work to ensure that when there is a moratorium or abolition of capital punishment in any given country it is replaced with humane alternatives.

society and purposeful activities and programmes in prisons, can all be considered as elements of a comprehensive "social Nations standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice".

This means that diversion from the criminal justice process

PRI has consultative status at the United Nations (ECOSOC), the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights, the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and the Council of Europe.

fundamental to developing a sustainable health strategy in prisons. Publications include Making Law and Policy that Work and more recently, Global Prison Trends, an annual overview of current trends and challenges in policy and practice in the criminal justice and penal fields. for those in need, will all be more effective if the period in prison is used to prepare a prisoner for re-entry to society. Click here to go to PRI's website and download the free resources, including: This e-course is also now available as aWorkbook. Abolition of the death penalty must be an integral part of crime prevention programmes and criminal justice reforms, Global overview of women facing the death penalty, Executions in Jordan and Pakistan show need to go beyond moratorium, This site uses cookies that allow us to offer you an optimal navigation (language), to measure the audience of the site and our communication campaigns, Just One More Step: Ratifying Protocols on Abolition, Helping the World Achieve a Moratorium on Executions.

is larger than that of the convicted prisoner population.

Guidance Document on Mandela Rules now available! Thus, it is not in vain that prisons have been referred to as reservoirs of Postbus 8215 NL-3503 RE Utrecht The Netherlands, Penal Reform International: the chains of vulnerable groups, radicalisation and prison, Subscribe to the newsletter we will only use your email address to send you our newsletter and newsflashes about our events, Foreign Nationals in Prison and Probation.

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